What are Bed Bugs?
Bed bugs inserted right from the dawn of mammals. Residing in caves, these bugs derived their food by sucking the blood of bats and our ancestors.
They are scientifically known as Cimex Lectularius. They get active during the night when we are sleep. These bugs, feed on our blood just like mosquitoes. Although the bed bug is known to be a nocturnal animal, it can also be active during the day. An adult bed bug is light brown or reddish-brown in color. It has an oval shape and does not have hind wings. It has a band appearance because of its segrated abdomen and micro hairs. Its maximum size is rough 4-5 mm long and 1.5-3 mm wide.
Where do They Come From?
Bed bugs can be found at any public place. They are more like hitch hikers. They will piggyback on a victim or his luggage and then reproduce where they go, provided both genders are present. In this way, they can spread anywhere. They usually feed about once a week and are known to go without food for even a year. This makes them very efficient travelers and survivors.
Even though they are called bed bugs, it does not mean that they thrive only in beds. They can be found anywhere ie, in benches, chairs, tables etc. They can flourish in parks, schools, hotels, public transport, etc. Anyone frequenting public places can be carriers of bed bugs. All it takes is a pair of these creatures, to produce a whole new battle in your house.
A bed bug that is hunting for a meal is able to detect the presence of a victim from the carbon dioxide released by it. While we are asleep, the bug can sense our presence even from a distance, due to the carbon dioxide we exhale. It then heads toward the victim. Once it reaches the victim, it uses its heat sensors or antennae to find a juicy spot to feed on. Once that spot is found, it injects its proboscis through the skin and into the blood stream. It then releases an anesthetic into the blood that prevails the victim from waking up, so allowing it to feed at leisure. In order to ensure that the blood does not clot while feeding, it releases an anticoagulant. This bug can drink as much as 3 times its body weight in one session.
How can They Harm Us
Another word for bed bug bites, is Cimicosis. Bites from these tiny critters can result in bed bugs rash, allergy, blisters, etc. They are also known to cause psychological problems in victims. Studies show that bed bugs harbor 28 pathogens that are harmful to humans.
How to Prevent Bed Bugs
Prevention is always better than cure. By following some simple precautionary measures, you can definitely reduce opportunities of infesting your home with these bugs.
- Hotels – When staying at a hotel, before you head off to bed, check the bed