Parc Monceau is a community square located in the 8th arrondissement of Paris, France, at the intersection of Boulevard de Courcelles, Rue de Prony and Rue Georges Berger. The community square was instituted by Phillippe d’Orléans, Duke of Chartres, and a cousin of the king. He began purchasing land on which to launch the garden in 1769, and hired Louis Carrogis Carmontelle to plan the gardens. He was a close friend of the Prince of Wales, afterwards George IV, and a devotee of all English things. As an outcome, his intention was to form an unceremonious English-style garden in the center of Paris. By 1778, in the course of consecutive purchases, the garden had developed to 12 hectares. It came to be known as the Folie de Chartres (Chartres’ Folly).
The park is strange in France, owing to its “English” technique: its casual arrangement, coiled paseos and haphazardly-laid sculptures discern it from the more conventional, French-style garden. It also admits a gathering of surmounted-down architectural characteristics including an Egyptian pyramid, a Chinese fort, a Dutch windmill, and Corinthian pillars. Overall, it is a masonry acknowledgment, musing the truth that Philippe d’Orléans was a foremost free-mason. The park includes sculptures of famous French figures including Guy de Maupassant, Frédéric Chopin, Charles Gounod, Ambroise Thomas and Edouard Pailleron.
During the French revolt of 1793, the Duke was executed by guillotine, and the garden was accepted into public ownership. The Farmer’s General Enclosure of Paris bordered the park. At this time, the edifice was built by Claude Nicolas Ledoux.
In 1797, it was the site of the first silk parachute jump, when André-Jacques Garnerin leaped from a Montgolfier hot air balloon, landing in the park where a huge crowd was assembled.
The garden was bought by the city of Paris in the year 1860. Half the land was allotted for building of new houses. This was possible due to Baron Haussmann, and the other 50% was conserved as green space and became a public park, ushered in by Napoleon III on 13 August 1861. Claude Monet painted a sequence of 3 paintings of the park in the spring of 1876.
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